IELTS Essay on solar energy used in houses

IELTS Essay on solar energy used in houses

IELTS Writing Task 2

Solar energy is becoming more and more popular as a source of household energy in many countries around the world.

Why is this?

What are the disadvantages of this trend?

Give reasons for your answer and relevant examples from your knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.



In the past, solar energy was rarely used in houses. However, nowadays, it is used by many households around the globe. Looking at this trend, one must analyse reasons for such increased usage of solar energy and its possible problems faced by the users.

Body Paragraph 1 on reasons for using solar energy in houses

There are multiple reasons for the popularity of solar energy. Firstly, it is economical as sunrays are available everywhere for free. Also, the technology used to convert these sun rays into electricity is becoming economical every day. As a result, everyone, despite their income level, can use it. For example, as a child, I never observed solar panels on rooftops of apartments in my city; however, nowadays, almost all apartments in my neighbourhood have them as their prices have dropped. Secondly, Solar energy is a clean and natural source because it doesn’t lead to any environmental pollution. So, all other environmental hazards associated with the conventional source of power can be avoided.

Body Paragraph 2 on problems in using solar energy in houses

At the same time, there are a few problems associated with solar energy which are hard to ignore. It is an unreliable source of energy as its efficiency drops significantly on a rainy or cold day. Thus, households may face a sharp shortage of electricity. According to a recent survey by the European Commission of Energy, European families who are dependent on solar energy fall short of their energy requirements by about 30% in winters. Moreover, the solar equipment needs maintenance since dust accumulation on the solar panels affect their efficacy and needing frequent cleaning of the panels.

End Paragraph

In the end, it is clear that the energy from the sun is becoming economical and clean every day due to advancements in technology. On the other hand, to utilise this energy source, one may face problems of irregularities as well as issues related to regular maintenance.

Score on this Writing Task 2: 8 bands

Task Response (TR)

The essay has addressed both the instructions in the essay task, that is the reasons for the popularity of solar energy in houses and problems associated with it. The points are well-elaborated, and the examples match the points made. Also, the end paragraph summarises the points nicely.

Coherence and Cohesion (CC)

The ideas presented fluently, and the linking words are used precisely, which makes the essay easy to read.

Lexical Resource (LR)

The words used are easy to understand since they are used precisely. The repetition of words is avoided as much as possible.

Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA)

Lastly, the grammatical structures used have a decent variety and are used accurately.

If you want more ideas on the Solar Energy, watch the following videos and read the following articles

An article on disadvantages of solar panels.
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