Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The given diagram describes the two different stepwise procedures involved in the manufacturing of black tea.
Overall, both the methods consist of 5 steps. However, the two methods are differentiated at the third step into ‘traditional method’ and ‘modern method’, leaving the rest of the stages common to both methods.
At first, only the bud and 2 top leaves are plucked to make a good quality tea, followed by a process termed as ‘withering’. In this step, tea leaves are scattered on a rack to draw out 60% moisture.
Next, to produce loose tea with the traditional method, the withered leaves are rolled flat, and enzymes are released from the leaves. On the other hand, to make teabags with the modern method, which is a quick process, leaves are cut, torn and curled.
Later output from both methods is oxidised or fermented, especially the rolled leaves are spread on tiles or cement where the reaction of enzymes and air changes the colour of leaves into a shade of copper. Lastly, these leaves undergo either a firing in the oven or drying stage in hot air dryers, releasing aroma and flavour before removing 97% of moisture in total.
Know more about tea manufacturing